We’ve been suggesting that the obvious truth of morality might provide evidence for God’s existence, as well as reason to think that this obvious truth depends ultimately on God. At first glance, such a claim might seem implausible, if not inconsistent. In particular, it might seem inconsistent to argue that moral… Read More ›
Many Thomists find great consolation in the thought that St.Thomas himself was an Aristotelian philosopher, or, if you prefer, that he was an Aristotelian insofar as he was a philosopher. It would be wrong to contradict them, for it seems as hard to refute this assertion as it is to prove… Read More ›
The moral argument begins with the fact that all people recognize some moral code (that some things are right, and some things are wrong). Every time we argue over right and wrong, we appeal to a higher law that we assume everyone is aware of, holds to, and is not free… Read More ›
Both philosophy and religion are widely used concepts, yet defining them accurately can be challenging due to the wide range of meanings that each has acquired over time. Because religion is a derivative of an ancient Latin phrase that referred to the relationship that existed between man and the gods, most… Read More ›
Aquinas and other Scholastic philosophers frequently make use of the principle ‘agere sequitur esse’ (Latin for “action follows being” ), which means “action follows being.” The underlying concept is that what a thing does must necessarily reflect what it is in some way. Because their structures are different, the functions of… Read More ›
We do not wish to dissuade you from continuing to read this; yet, in the spirit of complete honesty, we should state that there is, in a sense, just one good reason to believe in God: it is true.There are numerous such evidences, but they all contribute to our understanding of… Read More ›
In the philosophy of Leibniz, the ultimate logical decision was God’s choosing of the finest of all worlds. God is both a necessary entity and author of the universe in that he creates the world that he considers the finest of all worlds. (Possible Worlds in the Tahâfut al-Falâsifa: Al- Ghazâlî… Read More ›
A recurring element in the thinking of Nietzsche is a fundamental reassessment of moral concepts. He makes a decisive contrast between two sorts of morality in ‘Humans, All Too Human.’ One of these theories is the development of governing groups and persons. ‘Good and bad is for a long time the… Read More ›
In several cases, Nietzsche termed himself a ‘psychologist’ instead of a ‘philosopher.’ What he meant has nothing to do with any behavioral science in the physical sciences. In the first section, Human, All Too Human, he utilizes the metaphor of ‘sublimation’ derived from physical chemistry to depict the conversion of the… Read More ›
It’s pointless to try to categorize Nietzsche’s ideas into standard philosophical categories like idealism or materialism, rationality or irrationalism. He is sometimes lumped in with the group of philosophers known as “existentialists.” This is an arbitrary and, in some ways, inaccurate category that has fallen out of favour as a result… Read More ›
Agnosticism is hardly a novel position, as it can be traced in the 20th century to philosophers like Russell, known to the public at large as “that atheist philosopher.” Yet agnosticism rarely, if ever, has received a sustained philosophical defense.
What if it can be shown that there is a reasonable alternative to traditional Christian theism (on the one hand) and atheism (on the other)? Among other things, this would suggest that the defeat of orthodox Christian theism does not necessarily and in itself spell doom for theism.
Free will is the notion that we independently undertake our actions and choices, and therefore are responsible for them. But at some point during our stay on the planet, we come upon the question of whether we are the true authors of our own actions. Is free will only an illusion? Are we unwitting pawns in a world of determinism” — a world where we take action not because of our own volition but because of all of the circumstances that led to that moment?
God is only a social safety net, which makes us feel secure, given that we live in a cold, nasty universe. Evolution demonstrates that things developed randomly, and we slowly mutated over millions and billions of years to be the intelligent species we are today
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