Aquinas and other Scholastic philosophers frequently make use of the principle ‘agere sequitur esse’ (Latin for “action follows being” ), which means “action follows being.” The underlying concept is that what a thing does must necessarily reflect what it is in some way. Because their structures are different, the functions of… Read More ›
In the philosophy of Leibniz, the ultimate logical decision was God’s choosing of the finest of all worlds. God is both a necessary entity and author of the universe in that he creates the world that he considers the finest of all worlds. (Possible Worlds in the Tahâfut al-Falâsifa: Al- Ghazâlî… Read More ›
A recurring element in the thinking of Nietzsche is a fundamental reassessment of moral concepts. He makes a decisive contrast between two sorts of morality in ‘Humans, All Too Human.’ One of these theories is the development of governing groups and persons. ‘Good and bad is for a long time the… Read More ›
In several cases, Nietzsche termed himself a ‘psychologist’ instead of a ‘philosopher.’ What he meant has nothing to do with any behavioral science in the physical sciences. In the first section, Human, All Too Human, he utilizes the metaphor of ‘sublimation’ derived from physical chemistry to depict the conversion of the… Read More ›
It’s pointless to try to categorize Nietzsche’s ideas into standard philosophical categories like idealism or materialism, rationality or irrationalism. He is sometimes lumped in with the group of philosophers known as “existentialists.” This is an arbitrary and, in some ways, inaccurate category that has fallen out of favour as a result… Read More ›
It is what man will be bound to recognize when he looks at the Truth of the Idea of God, namely the Truth of God as being God’s, independent but not inclusive of the thinking of the person, and the Truth of the working in man by God as an integrative strength, but not in him, which he is working in, as the necessity of a process of spiritual integration.
Atheist seem to live within a realm that defies the existence of others. Dictating self righteous pious condemnation against any sense of reference apart from their own.It is a world view that is incoherent and obscure and only exist within those whose own depraved existence is only for self and nothing… Read More ›
Agnosticism is hardly a novel position, as it can be traced in the 20th century to philosophers like Russell, known to the public at large as “that atheist philosopher.” Yet agnosticism rarely, if ever, has received a sustained philosophical defense.
What if it can be shown that there is a reasonable alternative to traditional Christian theism (on the one hand) and atheism (on the other)? Among other things, this would suggest that the defeat of orthodox Christian theism does not necessarily and in itself spell doom for theism.
Free will is the notion that we independently undertake our actions and choices, and therefore are responsible for them. But at some point during our stay on the planet, we come upon the question of whether we are the true authors of our own actions. Is free will only an illusion? Are we unwitting pawns in a world of determinism” — a world where we take action not because of our own volition but because of all of the circumstances that led to that moment?
God is only a social safety net, which makes us feel secure, given that we live in a cold, nasty universe. Evolution demonstrates that things developed randomly, and we slowly mutated over millions and billions of years to be the intelligent species we are today
God himself is available for both moral direction (through natural law and special revelation) and moral strength through the guidance and power of the Holy Spirit.
There remains one last objection to the moral argument for God, which has been made by some theistic philosophers as well as by atheists. The objectors claim that moral truths are necessary truths.
A second attempt to reject God as the basis of morality is to view objective moral values as brute facts in a godless universe. There are objective moral values, but they are not related to God, because there is no God.
many argue that making God the source of objective value solves nothing because it creates a dilemma fatal to
Atheism is not a new concept. Even the Bible speaks of the one who tells himself in his heart,“There is no God.” The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, they do abominable deeds; there is none who does good. Psalm 14:1 (ESV) Atheism became an organized and publicly recognized worldview… Read More ›
Our consciences reveal both a transcendent goodness and our own violation of this goodness through our pettiness, theft, cruelty, dishonesty, lust and a hundred other minor and major infractions.
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