2 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. 3 When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” 4 And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” 5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”
JOHN 2: 1-5 ESV
2.1 Καὶ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ τρίτῃ γάμος ἐγένετο ἐν Κανὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας, καὶ ἦν ἡ μήτηρ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ ἐκεῖ· 2 ἐκλήθη δὲ καὶ ὁ Ἰησοῦς καὶ οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸν γάμον. 3 καὶ ὑστερήσαντος οἴνου λέγει ἡ μήτηρ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ πρὸς αὐτόν· Οἶνον οὐκ ἔχουσιν. καὶ λέγει αὐτῇ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Τί ἐμοὶ καὶ σοί, γύναι; οὔπω ἥκει ἡ ὥρα μου. 5 λέγει ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ τοῖς διακόνοις· Ὅ τι ἂν λέγῃ ὑμῖν ποιήσατε.
JOHN 2: 1-5 SBLGNT
The significance of this narrative outlines the first miracle of Jesus Christ. A miracle that brought water to wine was distributed to all who were there but did not know. The guest did not know what had happened but enjoyed the wine. Jesus’s action was witnessed by those nearby, and they saw what had happened. Not even the host knew.
Jesus’ first miracle in the Gospel of John was a private one, known only to His disciples, some servants, and probably Jesus’ mother. Matthew had not yet been called to be one of the Twelve, explaining why the miracle is not recorded in the Synoptics. Of the four Gospel writers, only John was there. John used the word “signs” (sēmeiōn, v. 11) because he was seeking to draw attention away from the miracles as such and to point up their significance. A miracle is also a “wonder” (teras), a “power” (dynamis), and a “strange event” (paradoxos). Turning water into wine was the first of 35 recorded miracles Jesus performed.
“On the third day” probably means three days after the calling of Philip and Nathanael. It would take a couple of days to reach Cana in Galilee from Bethany near Jericho of Judea (1:28). Cana was near Nazareth, though its exact location is unknown. Jesus’ mother was there, but John did not give her name (cf. 2:12; 6:42; 19:25–27). In his Gospel, John never named himself or the mother of Jesus. (Jesus’ mother went to the home of the beloved disciple John [19:27].)
Wedding feasts often lasted seven days. The feast followed the groom’s taking of his bride to his home or his father’s house before the consummation of the marriage. When the supply of wine was used up, Mary turned to Jesus, hoping that He could solve the problem. Did Mary expect a miracle? In the light of verse 11, this is not likely. Mary had not yet seen any miracles done by her Son.
Edwin A. Blum, “John,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, outlines the narrative concerning Mary.
“The word woman applied to His mother may seem strange to a modern reader, but it was a polite, kind expression (cf. 19:26). However, the clause, “Why do you involve Me?”, was a common expression in Greek that referred to a difference in realms or relations. Demons spoke these words when Christ confronted them (“What do You want with us?” [Mark 1:24]; “What do You want with me?” [Mark 5:7]). Mary had to learn a painful lesson (cf. Luke 2:35), namely, that Jesus was committed to God the Father’s will and the time for His manifestation was in the Father’s hand. “My time has not yet come”, or similar words occur five times in John (2:4; 7:6, 8, 30; 8:20). Later, His time “had come” is mentioned three times (12:23; 13:1; 17:1). Mary’s response to the servants (Do whatever He tells you) revealed her submission to her Son. Even though she did not fully understand, she trusted Him.”
As Christians, our expectations are unlimited, and we often confer on the Lord all our wants and desires. Our expectations are limitless, and since our reasoning dictates our demands, we expect everything we wish to be delivered. Why? Our actions are dictated by a subjective cause that demands a response. However, claiming an objective link in the divine is a contradictory attitude buried in the folds of our self-righteous behaviour. Our outward behaviour displays an attitude of piety, but our inward spirit is tainted by darkness and sinful desires. It is a pure heart that binds the relationship with our creator. Purity defines the spiritual foundation grounded in the love of God. Love so great that we rejoice in the Lord recomposing our futures through our failures.
Can man even comprehend such a conscious behaviour dictated by a subconsciousness built on the loving grace of God bound in His love? For any mortal to say yes is a lie because only when we have put aside our ‘self’ and submit fully to his absolutes can we then be empowered by the power of the Holy Spirit. Not of our ability but the ability of God’s divine intervention, Himself can we look through the lens of Godly love. Hence the missing spiritual link that we in our mortal existence lacks. Only in the ability of God’s essence, which is part of His image and likeness, can we walk righteously.
As Adam was called to the priestly position over creation, and the Israelites called to be the priestly examples for all other nations, God himself has descended and made us the temple of the spiritual hallway to walk along through the door opened by Jesus Christ.
No guest knew what Jesus had done to turn water into wine, but we do. We stand alongside those who witness the miracle. The guest did not know that the celebration had been saved, but we already know Jesus Christ has saved us on the cross.
Set Aside our ‘Self’ and embrace the power of the Holy Spirit, Only in the acceptance of God in our very being are we able to seek and find, knock and the door be opened, Ask, and receive.