40 One of the two who heard John speak and followed Jesus was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. 41 He first found his own brother Simon and said to him, “We have found the Messiah” (which means Christ). 42 He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon the son of John. You shall be called Cephas” (which means Peter).
JOHN 1: 40-42 ESV
40 ἦν Ἀνδρέας ὁ ἀδελφὸς Σίμωνος Πέτρου εἷς ἐκ τῶν δύο τῶν ἀκουσάντων παρὰ Ἰωάννου καὶ ἀκολουθησάντων αὐτῷ· 41 εὑρίσκει οὗτος πρῶτον τὸν ἀδελφὸν τὸν ἴδιον Σίμωνα καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ· Εὑρήκαμεν τὸν Μεσσίαν (ὅ ἐστιν μεθερμηνευόμενον χριστός). 42 ἤγαγεν αὐτὸν πρὸς τὸν Ἰησοῦν. ἐμβλέψας αὐτῷ ὁ Ἰησοῦς εἶπεν· Σὺ εἶ Σίμων ὁ υἱὸς Ἰωάννου, σὺ κληθήσῃ Κηφᾶς (ὃ ἑρμηνεύεται Πέτρος).
JOHN 1:40-42 SBLGNT
“Andrew, one of the two disciples who followed Jesus, was the first proclaimer of Jesus as the Messiah. In Hebrew, “Messiah” means “the anointed One,” which in Greek is translated as Christ (ho Christos). The idea of “the anointed One” comes from the Old Testament practice of anointing priests and kings with oil, and this was symbolic of the Spirit and pointed to the future One who would come (cf. Isa. 61:1). The title “Messiah” came to be used of the future Davidic King (cf. Matt. 1:1; John 6:15). In bringing his brother Simon Peter to Christ, no man did the church a greater service than Andrew. Andrew appeared two more times in John (6:4–9; 12:20–22); he brought someone to Jesus. The unnamed disciple is commonly held to be John, the son of Zebedee, a brother of James and author of this Gospel. In Mark 1:16–20, two pairs of brothers (Simon and Andrew, James and John) who were fishermen were called by Jesus.
When Jesus … looked at Simon (cf. v. 47), He knew the man’s character and destiny. Jesus gave him the Aramaic name Cephas, and Peter is the Greek translation of Cephas (“rock”). In Hebrew, Simon’s name was probably Simeon (Gr. in Acts 15:14; 2 Peter 1:1; cf. NIV marg.) No reason is given here for his name change from Simon to Cephas. The common understanding is that his name indicates what God by His grace would do through him. He would be a rock-like man in the church during its early years (cf. Matt. 16:18; Luke 22:31–32; John 21:15–19; Acts 2–5; 10–12).
The above commentary combines various scholars and theologians who have provided excellent exegetical explanations to the theological depth revealed in those verses. These have provided great understanding to the unfolding story being revealed in the narratives; however, after reading through these verses, one phrase grips me personally, and I like to share that with everyone.
“We have found the Messiah” (Εὑρήκαμεν τὸν Μεσσίαν)
Interesting, isn’t it. Nowhere in the earlier verses was there any mention of anyone searching for the Messiah. It is rather arrogant even to make such a proclamation. It may seem like Andrew and the other disciple were out searching for the ‘Coming One.’ Look at the narrative before this in verse 38, when Jesus asks them ‘What are you seeking?” Did they respond, that they were seeking the Messiah, no, in fact the avoided the question by asking Jesus, “Where are you staying?” Suddenly, we hear Andrew proclaiming they have found the Messiah.
The utter disassociation with reality is that John the Baptist saw Jesus Christ coming from afar. In John 1: 29 – “Behold the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.”. At that very moment, nobody stood up and followed Christ. In fact, only after the second proclamation by John the Baptist, in verse 36 (the second day), did the two of John’s disciples follow Jesus.
Suddenly, (the third day) Andrew finds his brother Simon, son of John, and informs him that they found the Messiah after a desperate and long search. Am I being pertinent for not providing gracious honor to Andrew statement? If I did, I would be no better than the subsequent self-righteous meaning of that statement that many have avoided mentioning.
The reality is that Jesus found them. He found them all, and his first words uttered were John 1: 38 “What are you seeking?” This scene that has unfolded is the very nature of humanity. We act in a manner with no accountability and any sense of humility and discernment. We found Jesus. The reality is that Jesus has never been missing or wandering around unseen. It is the nature of ourselves that we are blind to the Messiah. The only remedy to this predicament is to realize that we are no different and that burden of our blindness is ours, and nobody’s, least of all, our Saviour.
Seek within the darkness of our souls and bring them into the ‘Light’, and it is the Light of our Lord Jesus Christ that will illuminate our sins within us. Only then can we see the true nature of our Saviour and Redeemer.